Microsoft Windows Server Update History
Server 2012 and Win Embedded 8 – https://support.microsoft.com/en-au/help/4009471
Server 2012 R2 and Win 8.1 – https://support.microsoft.com/en-au/help/4009470
Server 2016 and Win 1607 – https://support.microsoft.com/en-gb/help/4000825
Server 2019 and Win 10 1903 – https://support.microsoft.com/en-au/help/4498140
USB Plugs – Want to check what the usb plug ends are called? (This is an old favourite, I could never remember all of the USB types)
Spyware and Virus Removal
Bitdefender – Online anti virus scanner.
AdwCleaner – This program searches for and deletes Adware, Toolbars, Potentially Unwanted Programs (PUP), and browser Hijackers from your computer.
RKill – RKill is a program that attempts to terminate known malware processes so that your normal security software can then run and clean your computer of infections. When RKill runs it will kill malware processes and then removes incorrect executable associations and fixes policies that stop us from using certain tools. When finished it will display a log file that shows the processes that were terminated while the program was running.
Stop Crypto – With the help of Windows Server File Resource Manager you can watch for known cryptolocker file extensions. Once it is found a script is run to alert the IT admin and shutdown the server. Many other tips for Cryptolocker prevention.
Process Explorer – A Microsoft tool to view all windows processes. Much easier to dig deep into windows processes.
Putty – Favourite ssh telnet client
FileZilla – Favourite ftp server/client
Fiber Types – Explains the different types of fibre, speeds and distances. Great resource!
Cisco Network Assistant – I am surprised by the amount of people who haven’t heard of CNA. It is a free tool made by Cisco to manage Cisco switches, routers, wireless controllers and access points in a graphical user interface.
Angry IP Scanner – Is a very fast IP address and port scanner.
Cisco Packet Tracer – Powerful network simulation tool for Cisco gear.
Remote Desktop Manager – Great remote desktop connection manager for Windows.
inSSIDer – Great Wifi Sniffing Tool for Windows. This allows you to view wifi signal strengths.
The Data-Transfer-Rate Conversion Table – Shows KB/sec kbps speeds for modems, isdn, adsl to cable etc
Bits, Bytes and Bandwidth Reference Guide – Shows bits and byte conversion, storage/speed conversion such as megabit = 1000 kilobits etc
SG Bits/Bytes Conversion Calculator – Quick conversion of bits/bytes, this will calculate for you.
IP Calculator – ipcalc takes an IP address and netmask and calculates the resulting broadcast, network, Cisco wildcard mask, and host range. By giving a second netmask, you can design subnets and supernets. It is also intended to be a teaching tool and presents the subnetting results as easy-to-understand binary values.
Subnet mask cheat sheet – Need to work out subnets? This may come in handy!
Notepad++– The best editor!
HDDScan – HDDScan is a freeware software for hard drive diagnostics (RAID arrays servers, Flash USB and SSD drives are also supported). The program can test storage device for errors (Bad-blocks and bad sectors), show S.M.A.R.T. attributes and change some HDD parameters such as AAM, APM, etc.
Crystal Disk Info – Excellent tool for checking hd info. Crystal displays hd info including SMART information.
PassMark DiskCheckup – Great tool to view smart info, run disk tests and also export the data to files.
Darik’s Boot and Nuke – A famous nuking tool. This will wipe data off hard disks using different techniques. The data is not recoverable afterwards.
Windirstat – This tool will show your hd usage in a nice, easy to read view. Easily see what is taking up space on your hd.
DriveDx – Mac Advanced Hard Drive Health SMART Diagnostics (Free).
HD Tune – HD / SSD program to measure hd performance, scan for errors, check SMART status and more.
Note re SMART hard drive status:
Reallocated Sector Count = INVISIBLE bad sectors that have been swapped with reserve sectors. These sectors are NO LONGER VISIBLE to your operating system and can NEVER cause any more problems.
Current Pending Sector = ACTIVE VISIBLE bad sectors that CANNOT BE READ but are still visible to the operating system. These are VERY DANGEROUS and cause ALOT of problems!
Make sure the value is not below the threshold value. If it is, this means a failure.
CPU-Z – CPU-Z is a freeware that gathers information on some of the main devices of your system, such as processor/motherboard/memory info.
PassMark BurnInTest – BurnInTest is a tool that allows you to stress test the PC. Handy to check the temperature of your CPU, GPU.
SpeedFan – Tool to measure the CPU fan speed. It will also monitor CPU temps and voltages.
HWMonitor – Hardware monitoring app allowing you to read sensors, voltages, temperatures, fans and speeds.
Double Driver – Double Driver can view all the drivers installed on your system and backup, restore, save and print all chosen drivers simply and reliably.
Macs Fan Control – Mac real-time monitoring of fan speed and temperature sensors including 3rd party HDD/SSD (using S.M.A.R.T.).
Hirens Boot CD – Large amount of handy tools ranging from HD, RAM, AV, Backup, BIOS, Partitioning, Password Recovery, Cleaners, Viewers, Processes, Recovery, Security, Startup Monitors, System Info, Testing.
Ultimate Boot CD – Similiar tools to Hirens. I use Both Hirens & UBCD.
Universal Boot Creator – Universal USB Installer aka UUI is a Live Linux Bootable USB Creator that allows you to choose from a selection of Linux Distributions to put on your USB Flash Drive. The Universal USB Installer is easy to use. Simply choose a Live Linux Distribution, the ISO file, your Flash Drive and, Click Install. Upon completion, you should have a ready to run bootable USB Flash Drive with your select operating system installed.
GParted – Partition editor that is used in a Gnome linux environment.
MemTest86 – This is the original free memory testing software for x86 computers. You can boot this with a USB or CD and test the RAM in your PC for faults using algorithms and test patterns. Very useful.
Rufus – Util to format and create bootable USB’s. Helpful when creating a Windows 10 bootable USB.
Clonezilla – Clonezilla is a free partition and disk imaging/cloning program similar to Ghost. Great tool to copy hard disk to hard disk.
WSUS Offline Update – This tool will download Windows Updates and allow you to update a PC without being online.
Minidump checker – Analyse windows minidump files if you are experiencing BSOD.
BlueScreenView – Nice tool to find out why your PC is crashing by analysing the windows.dmp file.
Windows Repair Toolbox – Windows Repair Toolbox (freeware) is a software created to help you repair a Windows system, by making the process faster, easier and uniform. This has many tools which you can download on the fly such as Hardware Info, Malware Removal, Backup, Uninstallers, Tests & a lot more.
NiNite – Pick the apps you want and NiNite will download and install them all for you automatically. Freeware. Saves so much time!
Snip – Advanced snipping tool made by Microsoft. This is a MS Garage Project. You can use this to record a video of your screen and also record audio over the top. Easily share the video to others.
Recuva – Restore deleted files with this app.
ChromeHistoryView – Have trouble exporting or printing history out of Chrome? This free app will do the job. ChromeHistoryView is a small utility that reads the history data file of Google Chrome Web browser, and displays the list of all visited Web pages in the last days. You can select one or more history items, and them export them into html/xml/csv/text file, or copy the information to the clipboard and paste it into Excel.
NeoSmart Windows 10 OEM Product Key Tool – Newer PCs and laptops shipping with Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 10 no longer come with a Certificate of Authenticity attached to the back or bottom of the PC. Instead, PC manufacturers have worked with Microsoft to embed the product key directly into the BIOS or EFI. If you need to retrieve the OEM-embedded product key from your PC, you can use the NeoSmart OEM product key utility to extract and show the product key programmed into your PC. (Use the command slmgr.vbs /dlv to view detailed info regarding Windows activation)
Favourite Tech Blogs
Similar websites to mine providing tech tips for Windows, Server, Active Directory, Powershell.
RebelAdmin – http://www.rebeladmin.com/
MySysAdmin Tips – https://www.mysysadmintips.com/
Ask Woody – https://www.askwoody.com/
The Lazy Administrator – https://www.thelazyadministrator.com/
Andy’s Tech Blog – https://andys-tech.blog/
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[Last updated 27/April/2021]
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